Series Title: Jesus From Seven Sources
The Crucifixion of Jesus
Matthew 27:33-56; Mark 15:22b-41 (unto the place…);
Luke 23:33-49; & John 19:17b-30 (into a place…)]
And when they were come unto the place which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, called, The place of a skull, they gave him wine vinegar to drink mingled with gall of myrrh and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink. And it was the third hour*, and [*Note: The ancients often spoke of time in three hour increments. Hence “the third hour” could be any time between 9 A.M. and noon. John 19:14 reveals that it was closer to noon.] there they crucified him.
And with him they then crucified two other, malefactors, thieves; the one on his right side, and the other on his left side, and Jesus in the midst. And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors.
Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do.
And Pilate also wrote the superscription of his accusation; and they put it up on the cross over his head. And it was written, THIS IS JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. This title then read many of the Jews for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city and it was written in letters of Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin. Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews. Pilate answered, What I have written I have written.
And then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also his coat now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be and they cast lots upon his garments, what every man should take that the scripture might be fulfilled, which was spoken by the prophet, saying, They parted my garments among them, and for my vesture did they cast lots.
These things therefore the soldiers did. And sitting down they watched him there. And the people stood beholding. And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself. If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross. And likewise with them also the rulers, the chief priests with the scribes and elders, mocked him among themselves, saying, He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be Christ the King of Israel, the chosen of God, let him now come down from the cross and save himself, that we may see, and we will believe him. He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him for he said, I am the Son of God. And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar, and saying, If thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself.
And one of the thieves also, of the malefactors which were hanged and crucified with him, reviled him with the same, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us. But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation? And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds but this man hath done nothing amiss. And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom. And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.
And all his acquaintance stood there afar off, beholding these things, and many women also among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the less and of Joses, and Salome the mother of Zebedee’s children; (who also, when Jesus was in Galilee, followed him, and ministered unto him;) and many other women which came up with him from Galilee unto Jerusalem.
And it was about the sixth hour, and there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour; and the sun was darkened.
Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved,* he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son! [*Note: This is John himself. See John 21:24.] Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home.
And after this, about the ninth hour, Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? And some of them that stood there, when they heard it, said, Behold, he calleth Elias. And Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst. Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar and straightway one of them ran, and took a spunge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a hyssop reed, and put it to his mouth, and gave him to drink, saying with the rest, Let be; let us see whether Elias will come to take him down and save him. When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished. And when Jesus had cried again with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit and having said thus, he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.
And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain in the midst, from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent; and the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, and came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many. Now when the centurion, which stood over against him, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, saw that he so cried out, and gave up the ghost, and the earthquake, and what was done, they feared greatly, and glorified God, saying, Truly this man was a righteous man, the Son of God. And all the people that came together to that sight, beholding the things which were done, smote their breasts, and returned.
Jesus’ Side Pierced
The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him. But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs but one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water. And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true* and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe. [*Note: John here refers to himself. See John 21:24.] For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken. And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.